Similarity and Distance Functions

Let’s go back to our posts on distance functions. The initial idea was to calculate the distance between two points or between one point and a set of points in a 2d space. Within the discussion, we often stated that one point is more “similar” to the set, than the other point. So, maybe what we are actually trying to calculate is the similarity between two entities (either being a point or a set). The problem is that similarity is a subjective matter, so we need an objective measure, and that’s why we have chosen distance. Continue reading